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argentina G20 LEADERS SUMMIT

Macri begins welcoming G20 leaders to Buenos Aires

As world leaders land at Aeroparque Jorge Newbery and Ezeiza International Airport, the president is grappling with an economic crisis that is expected to generate mass protests during the two-day summit.

Thursday 29 November, 2018
France's President Emmanuel Macron (left) hugs Mauricio Macri during a press conference at the Casa Rosada this morning.
France's President Emmanuel Macron (left) hugs Mauricio Macri during a press conference at the Casa Rosada this morning. Foto:Ludovic MARIN / AFP

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Argentina may be putting on its best face to welcome the world's most powerful leaders, but this weekend's G20 summit finds host President Mauricio Macri grappling with a challenging economic crisis that is expected to generate mass protests during the meeting.

Macri, elected in 2015, has battled for months to stabilise the region's third-largest economy, but circumstances mean he is fighting an uphill battle for re-election next year.

"Let's hope we make a good impression," the 59-year-old president said in a video message Thursday on Twitter as he prepared for a series of bilateral meetings on the eve of the summit.

A US$56-billion International Monetary Fund bailout has bought the government some time but left it little scope to shape fiscal policy, forcing it to deepen unpopular spending cuts in order to turn in a balanced budget next year.

Noisy street protests throughout the capital are a near-daily occurrence, and general strikes have twice ground the country to a halt in recent months.

Far from showcasing its economic opening to the world, the week of the summit has instead seen public transport workers halt Subte and bus services while a one-day strike by national airline Aerolíneas Argentinas brought chaos for travellers. 

 Shop window

"The expectations of the Macri government, when it agreed to host the summit in Buenos Aires, was that it would serve as a shop window to show off its policy of gradual reforms," said Bruno Binetti, international relations expert at Buenos Aires' Torcuato University. 

"Argentina then was good news internationally, with its pro-market policies getting popular support," said Binetti.

The president's Cambiemos ("Let's Change") coalition swept aside exchange controls, and generally opened up Argentina to foreign trade and investment after years of market isolation that followed Argentina's 2001 financial crash.

But the initial optimism that greeted Macri's election has all but evaporated. The economy, gripped in recession, has struggled to recover after a massive currency crisis that saw the peso lose half its value against the dollar.

Inflation is running at 45 percent and with the economy shrinking 2.6 percent in 2018, according to the IMF. 

When late president Néstor Kirchner hosted Argentina's last major political gathering – the Summit of the Americas in 2005 – he was part of a group of vociferous leftist Latin American leaders including Hugo Chávez, who formed a bold front against then-US President George W. Bush. 

Thirteen years on the political landscape is much changed, and the irony is that a pro-trade, deregulation-friendly Argentine president finds himself surrounded at the G20 by a powerful nucleus of populist and protectionist leaders led by US President Donald Trump.

Mass protests

Mass protests are expected on the streets of Buenos Aires tomorrow, where more than 20,000 security forces have been deployed to protect the leaders.

"The G20 is going to last a day. The second day, they are all going to go away because of incidents are going to go off. People are hungry and they're staging a G20 here?" said Jesús Olgín, a street vendor in Buenos Aires.

Macri will strive to use the summit to sway foreign investors to get involved in the Argentine economy, according to political scientist Rosendo Fraga.

To that end meetings are planned with his US counterpart Donald Trump, as well as those of China, France, Russia, Japan, Britain and Germany.

"In these meetings, Argentina will get support and praise. While the multilateral economic and trade framework is getting weaker, bilateral relations are strengthening," said Fraga.

by Nina Negron, AFP

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