Tuesday, August 11, 2020
Perfil

ARGENTINA | 15-04-2020 19:10

Coronavirus: 63% of deceased in Argentina had previous illnesses

As of Monday, main age range of those infected involved people aged between 20 and 59, with the average age being 45 years. Average age of the deceased, in comparison, falls at 70.

At the beginning of this week, 2,208 coronavirus cases had been confirmed in Argentina, of which 95 have died, according to the morning report of the National Health Ministry. Of the total cases, 47 percent are women and 53 percent are men. The main age range of the registered cases are people between 20 and 59 years old, the average age being 45 years.

Of the total deaths to date, 63 percent had risk factors. Meanwhile, 21 percent had no known comorbidities and the remaining 16 percent had no declared data; This means that the information was not recorded in the file that each jurisdiction must upload to SISA, health sources indicated.

The most frequent comorbidities were: diabetes, obesity and Chronic Obstructive Pulmonary Disease (COPD); followed by immunosuppression, heart failure, kidney failure, tuberculosis, oncological disease, and neurological disease. It is important to note that 30 percent of the deceased had more than one associated risk factor.  

The average age of the deceased is 70 years. According to an analysis carried out by Perfil based on health reports, 6.32 percent of the deceased were between 40 and 49 years old, 12.63 percent were between 50 and 59, 30.53 percent were between 60 and 69, 27.37 percent between 70 and 79, 20 percent between 80 and 89,  and 3.16 percent over 90 years. 

In principle, this trend coincides with the largest study carried out so far in Beijing by the Chinese Center for Disease Control and Prevention (CCDC) on 70,000 cases of Covid-19. The investigation found that 33 percent of the deceased did not have previous diseases, and that death rates gradually increased with age.

"The largest number of confirmed cases is in those under 60 years of age, while the deceased are concentrated in those over 60 years of age. Of the confirmed cases, 25 percent are over 60. Of the deceased, 80 percent are over 60 years old," said the secretary of Access to Health, Carla Vizzotti, during the morning report. 

That is why “we continue to emphasise the importance of protecting those who are most at risk of complications and dying, with measures such as social distancing, respiratory hygiene (coughing and sneezing at the elbow bend), aerating the environment, cleaning surfaces, and reducing the circulation of people to minimize the transmission of the virus and protect them indirectly ”. 

One of the encouraging statistics is that so far 515 Covid-19 patients have been discharged, which represents 20.53 percent of the total of 2,208 cases. In addition, there are 113 patients hospitalised in intensive care, which represents 5.11 percent. "This reflects that 80 percent of people who have coronavirus will go through it in a light or moderate way, that 14 or 15 percent may have a more relevant situation, such as pneumonia, and that five percent may have a critical situation,” Vizzotti said.

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Florencia Ballarino

Florencia Ballarino

Subeditora de Ciencia.

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