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ECONOMY | 14-04-2023 17:36

Argentina inflation accelerates more than expected to 104%

From a year ago, prices rose 104.3%, the highest annual level since 1991, according to government data published Friday.

Inflation jumped in Argentina more than expected as seasonal factors collided with the impact of a historic drought and government overspending to fuel the highest monthly price hikes in two decades. 

Inflation accelerated to 7.7 percent in March, more than the median expectation of seven percent among economists surveyed by Bloomberg. From a year ago, prices rose 104.3%, the highest annual level since 1991, according to government data published Friday.

The surprise price jump poses new hurdles to the political future of Economy Minister Sergio Massa, widely seen as a potential presidential candidate this year within his ruling Peronist coalition. A litany of measures, such as extensive price controls, haven’t tamed inflation. Late last year, Massa estimated the monthly inflation rate would be below 4% by April, a nearly impossible task now.

Read more: Argentina’s Epic Drought Sends Economic Crisis to New Extremes

Education and clothing categories led all increases in March, a month known in Argentina for seasonal price hikes due to the start of the school year. The worst drought in Argentina’s history is also driving pressure on food prices in Argentina, the most weighted category in the country’s inflation index. Food costs rose 9.3 percent from a month prior as prices for chicken and eggs surged more than 25 percent due to a breakout of avian flu in Argentina. 

The government’s cobweb of currency controls and price freezes have failed to cool inflation or offset the impact of money printing to finance its spending and lack of a credible economic plan in the eyes of investors. Voters in Argentina say high inflation is their top issue ahead of the presidential vote in October. 

by Patrick Gillespie, Bloomberg

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