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WORLD | 16-08-2021 10:29

Taliban retake Afghan capital after 20 years fighting United States

Taliban takes over the presidential palace and announces plan to declare a new “Islamic Emirate of Afghanistan.” Hours earlier, US-backed President Ashraf Ghani had fled the country.

Taliban leaders have marched into Kabul, preparing to take full control of Afghanistan two decades after they were removed by the US military.

The militant group took over the presidential palace, and said it plans to soon declare a new “Islamic Emirate of Afghanistan.” Hours earlier, American-backed President Ashraf Ghani fled the country.

“We have never expected to reach such a victory – we should show humbleness in front of Allah,” the Taliban’s deputy leader, Mullah Abdul Ghani Baradar, said in a video message congratulating his fighters and the nation on Twitter Monday. “Now is the time when we will be tested on how we serve and secure our people, and ensure their good life and future to the best of our ability.”

The speed of the Afghan government’s collapse shocked NATO allies and prompted condemnation from both sides of the US political divide over how President Joe Biden’s administration appeared to be blindsided by the Taliban’s easy advance. Dozens of countries issued a joint statement Monday calling “those in positions of power and authority across Afghanistan” to allow Afghans and foreigners to depart safely if they wish, to keep borders open and maintain calm.

As the Al Jazeera network broadcast what it said were live images of armed Taliban fighters roaming the palace and posing at desks, Kabul’s airport became the staging ground for the planned exit of most US Embassy personnel, symbolising the end of a two-decade engagement sparked by the September 11, 2001 terrorist attacks.

 

Taking advantage

The Taliban swept through Afghanistan in a matter of weeks, taking advantage of a vacuum left by departing US and NATO forces working against Biden’s August 31 deadline to end America’s longest war. U.S. officials said they’re working for an orderly departure.

In a joint statement Sunday, the Pentagon and State Department said the United States will expand its presence over the next 48 hours at Kabul’s international airport to nearly 6,000 troops to evacuate thousands of American citizens, as well as locally employed staff and their families.

All Kabul embassy personnel have been safely evacuated to the airport and the US military has secured its perimeter, State Department spokesperson Ned Price said in a statement late Sunday.

In many cases, the militants encountered little or no resistance from Afghan’s US-trained military. Key provincial centres close to Kabul and in far-flung corners of the nation fell in quick succession.

Skies over Kabul buzzed on Sunday with US military helicopters ferrying passengers from the US Embassy. The American flag at the embassy was lowered. Afghans lined up for cash and many headed to the airport, desperate to book a flight out of the country.

“We’re relocating the men and women of our embassy to a location at the airport,” Blinken said on ABC. “That’s why the president sent in a number of forces to make sure that, as we continue to draw down our diplomatic presence, we do it in a safe and orderly fashion.”

The acting US ambassador was among those evacuated to the airport, the AP reported. The US Embassy said on its website that the airport was taking fire, and advised US citizens to shelter in place. CNN reported earlier that Washington will pull out all embassy personnel by Tuesday, leaving a small core of staff to operate from the airport.

 

'Embarrasment'

Top Biden administration officials briefed members of Congress, many of whom were furious about the visible chaos to end a campaign that’s cost the lives of about 2,400 American soldiers and close to US$1 trillion.

“A proud superpower has been reduced to hoping the Taliban will not interfere with our efforts to flee Afghanistan,” Senate Minority Leader Mitch McConnell said in a statement. “Terrorists and major competitors like China are watching the embarrassment of a superpower laid low.”

Many analysts agreed that a Taliban takeover was predictable once the US left, Senator Chris Murphy, a Connecticut Democrat, said in an interview.“And that’s been true for a decade,” he said. “Unfortunately, it likely means we will need to have a dialogue with the Taliban.”

The Taliban has sought to portray a moderate stance, with a spokesman telling the Associated Press the group wants to form an “open, inclusive Islamic government.” Over the weekend it said it would respect public property, provide a “safe” environment for business, redeploy bureaucrats and military officers, and provide amnesty for anyone who “helped the invaders.”

The group also denied reports that it had killed prisoners and forced villagers to hand over their daughters to marry Taliban soldiers. During Taliban rule from 1996 to 2001, women were prohibited from working, attending high school or appearing in public without a burqa, a garment that covers the wearer’s entire body, head, and face.

Yet that hasn’t eased concerns on the ground, where Taliban fighters have shown signs of resuming their old ways of oppressing women. Members of the Afghan government have expressed anger at Ghani for leaving the country. The country’s official embassy account in India called him a “traitor” but later deleted the tweet.

Biden has said he was hemmed in by a now-tattered peace accord negotiated with the group by the Trump administration, which made the popular decision to bring US troops home from Afghanistan.

Trump’s deal imposed a May 1, 2021 deadline on US forces and “left the Taliban in the strongest position militarily since 2001,” Biden said in a statement on Saturday.

“I think it’s quite clear that the Taliban have won this war,” Katherine Zimmerman, a fellow in foreign and defence policy at the American Enterprise Institute, said in a Bloomberg Television interview. “They took 20 years to do it and they have proven that their strategy of patience will outlast the United States.”

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by Tony Czuczka & Eltaf Najafizada, Bloomberg

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